Achievements, for the most part, can only be gained in single-player Ironman games, on normal or higher difficulty, with historical nations started at 11 November 1444. Since patch 1.30 limited country forming (aka endgame tags) must also be active. Some achievements will require that you play as a released nation. Some achievements can also be earned while playing a custom nation. Four do not require the 1444 start date. All of this is noted in the table.
Easiest as Austria, playing a normal emperor game, revoking the privilegia and then either forming the holy roman empire and continuing to play; or saving before forming, and then doing Alt+F4 once the achievement has been fulfilled, thereby continuing the campaign with revoke. Can easily be combined with most of the HRE- and Austria- centric achievements.
The RED FILES timeline is coded for educators, teachers and students according to the following: Secret Victories of the KGBSoviet Sports WarsSecret Soviet Moon MissionSoviet Propaganda Machine1857 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky born near Riazan, Russia1865 Jules Verne publishes From the Earth to the Moon1869 Dmitri Mendeleev creates Periodic Table of the Elements187022 April, Vladimir Il'cih Ul'ianov (Lenin) born.1879 21 December, Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Stalin) born in Gori, Georgia1881 Terrorists assassinate Tsar Aleksander II. Pogroms sweep Russia as Jews blamed; start massive refugee movement to USA1881 Nikolai Kibalich writes about space flight by jet propulsion while in Sts. Peter & Paul Fortress awaiting execution for plotting to kill the Tsar1883 Tsiolkovsky writes Free Space on use of jet propulsion in vacuum of space1895 Tsiolkovsky write Dream of the Earth and Sky describes earth satellites in 200hundred mile up orbits inhabited by 'sky-dwellers'1896 Henri Becquerel 'discovers' radioactivity in Paris.1896 Athens First modern Olympic Games1898 Minsk Russian Social Democratic Workers Party Founded1900-1905 Munich, London, Geneva Lenin edits, writes for and fights for control of underground party newspaper, Iskra (The Spark)1900 Paris Second modern Olympic Games1903 Igor Kurchatov director USSR atomic research born1903 Tsiolkovsky writes \"Exploring Space by Reactive [Rocket] Devices\" virtual handbook on practical rocketry, including propellants, rocket shape, rocket nozzle for focusing force\" (later edition mention atomic and solar energy) 1903 Brussels-London Russian Social Democratic Workers Party splits into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions.1904 St. Louis III Olympic Games1905 First Russian revolution. Scientists join movement for basic freedoms1905 Albert Einstein write Theory of Relativity. E=Mc2. 1906 Sergei Korolev born in Zhitomir, Ukraine1908 London IV Olympic Games1911 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian Scientists, prompts expedition to find and to chart deposits of Russian radioactive materials.1912 Pravda (Truth) Bolshevik Party Newspaper founded in St.Petersburg. Boris Yeltsin orders Pravda fall 1991. It resumes publication shortly but after 1993 no longer is paper of the Communist Party.1908 Stockholm V Olympic Games1914 Start of First World War1917 February, revolution. Tsar abdicates. Revolution brings liberal democrats to power.1917 3 April, Lenin returns from exile in Switzerland on \"sealed train\" provided by German government.1917 October, revolution. Bolsheviks come to power.1917 Bolsheviks organize Council of People's Commissars to Govern Russia. Lenin elected Chairman 9 November, Bolsheviks suppress Liberal and right-wing newspapers. Pravda publishes Tsarist secret Treaties.1917December, Cheka created. Forerunner of NKVD, KGB1918 13 April. Bolshevik (and former Menshevik) leader Leon Trotsky appointed Commissar of War as civil war starts full force.1918 4 May, Russia signs Armistice with Germany1918 28 June, Bolshevik Government nationalizes large industry1918 16 July, Bolsheviks execute ex-Tsar and family in Ekaterinburg to prevent them from being rescued and becoming propaganda symbols for anti-Bolshevik forces. News suppressed.1918 2 August, American and British Troops occupy Archangel1918 14 August, British troop land in Baku1918 14 October, Traditional Moscow-Petrograd Football (soccer) Game revived.1919 15 April, Cheka opens labor camps, GULAG for enemies of Bolshevik government1919 October, Fearing spread of disease 'Bolshevism' Allies impose economic coastal blockade in attempt to isolate and to smother Soviet Russia1920 January, Allies lift economic coastal blockade because they see it is ineffective.1920 Antwerp VII Olympic Games (No Soviet Russia participation)1921 23 July, Herbert Hoover, Chairman of the American Relief Agency offers to feed starving Russian people. Lenin's government accepts.1922 3 April, Stalin becomes general secretary of the Communist Party1922 26 May, Lenin suffers first paralytic Stroke.1922 24 December, Lenin writes last testament warns against rude Stalin getting too much power. Document suppressed.1923 9 March, Lenin suffers third stroke. No longer can speak.1923 First Physical Culture Day1924 21 January, Lenin dies1924 31 January, Constitution of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ratified.1924 Great Britain, Italy, France, Sweden recognize USSR1924 Paris VIII Olympic Games (No Soviet Union participation)1926 November, riot in Odessa at Moscow-Odessa Football (soccer) Game1927 Stalin consolidates hold on Communist Party. Outfights Trotsky, expels many Trotsky followers from Party.1928-1932 First Five Year Plan1928 Dinamo Stadium Built in Moscow1928 August, First Spartakiad (Soviet style Olympic-type multi-sports competition)1928-1932 Nikolai Rynin writes a nine volume Russian encyclopedia of space travel1928 Sergei Korolev designs glider enters in nationwide competition1929 1 October, Stalin introduces first Five Year Plan of Economic Development1929 Forced Collectivization of Agriculture1929 Stalin celebrates consolidation of power; orders forced collectivization1929 Communist Party of the United States founded1929 29 October, Wall Street Crashes. Depression begins.1930 Group for Studying Reaction Propulsion (GIRD) lead by Friedrikh Tsander begins working on OR-1 liquid fueled rocket engine. Korolev devotes all spare time to project.1931 Pavlik Morozov denounces father.1931 First Physical Culture Day Parade in Red Square1932 Pavlik Morozov and his brother murdered. Show trial in their village.1932 Pavlik Morozov legend born of young boy denouncing father for hoard grain.1932 23 April, Central Committee abolishes all artists and writers groups. Subsequently new Union of Writers formed.1932 Los Angles X Olympic Games1933 17 August, GIRD-09 successfully launched USSR first liquid-fueled rocket1933 16 November, United States and USSR establish diplomatic relations.1934 8 June, Soviet government issues law on \"Betrayal of Motherland\" death penalty obligatory for treason; law holds family members collectively responsible for violations of law.1934 Tsiolkovsky finishes ten-year effort to write Space Rocket Trains math based treatise on techniques for designing multi-staged rockets1934 Julius Rosenberg enters City College of New York; attracted to vibrant radical politics movement.1934 1 December, Sergei Kirov, popular Communist leader of Leningrad murdered. Stalin suspected of organizing murder which sets off Great Purges and Great Terror (hence the expression \"the great 1937 terror began 1 December, 1934)1935 Lona Cohen joins U.S. Communist Party; Morris Cohen joins Communist party works as party organizer in the Bronx1935-1938 Great Purge, Purge Trials, Great Terror. GULAG swells.1936 21 June, formation All-Union Committee on Physical Culture and Sports1936 19-24 August, first \"show trial\" of Stalinist purges.1936-1939 Civil War in Spain; USSR backs republic, USA neutral; Abraham Lincoln Brigade of Volunteers fights for Republic. Morris Cohen wounded. . NKVD agents recruit Cohen. 1936 Berlin XI Olympic Games (Soviet Union Absent)1937 27 June, NKVD agents take Sergei Korolev. 10 year sentence to Gulag in Kolyma1937 July, Lona meets Morris Cohen at Madison Square Garden anti-fascist rally1938 February, Morris Cohen goes to NKVD school outside Barcelona. Learns tradecraft1938 Enrico Fermi wins Nobel Prize for developments in Nuclear physics.1939 23 August, Secret Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression pact signed.1939 Start of World War II in Europe. Nazi Germany invades Poland1939 Albert Einstein writes letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt warning that Nazi Germany is building an Atomic Bomb - lays groundwork for Manhattan Project1939 Morris Cohen works as a guard at USSR Pavilion World's Fair, Queens NY. Starts work at Amtorg (Soviet Trading Corporation)
1940 Igor Kurchatov reports on nuclear chain reactions at Academy of Sciences, Moscow1940 September, Korolev moved to Tupolev sharashka on Radio Street, Moscow1941 22 June, Nazi Germany invades USSR1941 24 June, President Roosevelt pledges US aid to Soviet Union.1941 Klaus Fuchs offers to spy for the USSR; his case officer - Aleksander Feklisov1941 7 December, Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor US joins war.1941-42 NKVD chief Lavrenty Beria reviews captured information Nazi are planning atomic bomb.1942 Lona Cohen works in war plants; acts as clandestine courier.1942 USSR and Great Britain sign 20 year mutual assistance treaty.1942 August. Manhattan Project authorized. British agents inform Moscow of joint US-British project. Stalin informed. Operation ENORMOUS begins.1942 September, Ted Hall enters Harvard. Hall joins John Reed Society (named for American Communist and reporter buried by the Kremlin wall). Hall breezes through physics curriculum1942 September, Battle of Stalingrad.starts. Turning point in ground war.1942 December, Fermi conducts First Controlled Nuclear Chain Reaction in Squash Court at University of Chicago.1943 Spymaster Feklisov starts meeting Julius Rosenberg.1943 Venona Project starts trying to crack Soviet code (succeed by late 1948)1943 October, Harvard Professor recommends 18-yea